November 30, 2022

NASA rolls Artemis 1 moon rocket off the launch pad to shelter from Hurricane Ian

NASA rolls Artemis 1 moon rocket off the launch pad to shelter from Hurricane Ian
NASA rolls Artemis 1 moon rocket off the launch pad to shelter from Hurricane IanNASA rolls Artemis 1 moon rocket off the launch pad to shelter from Hurricane Ian

NASA’s Artemis 1 moon rocket is seeking shelter from the storm.

The space agency began rolling the Artemis 1 stack — a Space Launch System (SLS) rocket topped by an Orion crew capsule — off Kennedy Space Center’s (KSC) Launch Pad 39B tonight (Sept. 26) at about 11:20 p.m. EDT (0320 GMT on Sept. 27).

Artemis 1 is headed for KSC’s huge Vehicle Assembly Building (VAB), where it will be safe from Hurricane Ian, should the storm’s lash fall on Florida’s Atlantic coast. The roughly 4-mile (6.4 kilometers) journey to the VAB, made atop NASA’s venerable crawler transporter-2 vehicle, is expected to take about 11 hours.

Related: NASA’s Artemis 1 moon mission: Live updates
More: 10 wild facts about the Artemis 1 moon mission

This isn’t Artemis 1’s first rollback; the vehicle also departed Pad 39B for the VAB in April and July of this year after conducting fueling tests. The SLS and Orion made it back to the pad in mid-August ahead of a liftoff attempt on Aug. 29.

That try was foiled by a technical glitch, and a leak of liquid hydrogen propellant scuttled a subsequent launch attempt on Sept. 3. The Artemis 1 team fixed the leak and started preparing for another planned try on Tuesday (Sept. 27), but then Hurricane Ian intervened.

It’s unclear at this point if Ian is indeed going to hammer Florida’s Atlantic coast; the most recent models have the storm taking particular aim at the Sunshine State’s Gulf side. But NASA decided early Monday morning (Sept. 26) to play it safe and get Artemis 1 inside the VAB.

Artemis 1 team members have said they’ll likely perform some maintenance work once they get to the VAB, including resetting the batteries (opens in new tab) for the mission’s flight termination system (FTS), which is designed to destroy the SLS if it veers off course during launch. 

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The FTS batteries were initially certified for just 20 days on the launch pad, and that time was up a while back. The U.S. Space Force, which oversees the Eastern Range of rocket launches, granted two certification extensions, which covered an Artemis 1 liftoff through at least early October. But it makes sense to reset the FTS batteries if the vehicle is at the VAB anyway, NASA officials have said.

It’s too soon to speculate about a new Artemis 1 target launch date; we’ll just have to wait for more information from NASA.

Mike Wall is the author of “Out There (opens in new tab)” (Grand Central Publishing, 2018; illustrated by Karl Tate), a book about the search for alien life. Follow him on Twitter @michaeldwall (opens in new tab). Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom (opens in new tab) or on Facebook (opens in new tab).